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Kumari , A. and Shriwas, O and Sisodiya, S and Santra, MK and Guchhait, SK and Dash, R. and Panda, D. (2021) Microtubule-targeting agents impair kinesin-2-dependent nuclear transport of β-catenin: Evidence of inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling as an important antitumor mechanism of microtubule-targeting agents. FASEB Journal, 35 (4). e21539.

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An aberrant accumulation of nuclear β-catenin is closely associated with the augmentation of cancer malignancy. In this work, we report that several microtubule-targeting agents (MTAs) such as vinblastine, taxol, and C12 (combretastatin-2-aminoimidazole analog) inhibit Wnt/β-catenin signaling in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We showed that the inhibition of microtubule dynamics by MTAs decreased the level of β-catenin by increasing Axin and adenomatous polyposis coli levels and reducing the level of dishevelled. Furthermore, MTAs strongly reduced the localization of β-catenin in the nucleus. The reduction in the level of nuclear β-catenin was neither due to the degradation of β-catenin in the nucleus nor due to an increase in the export of nuclear β-catenin from the nucleus. A motor protein kinesin-2 was found to assist the nuclear transportation of β-catenin. Interestingly, Wnt/β-catenin signaling antagonist treatment synergized with MTAs and the activators of Wnt/β-catenin signaling antagonized with the MTAs. C12 potently suppressed the growth of 4-Nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced OSCC in the tongue of C57 black 6 mice and also abrogated Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in the tumor. Our results provide evidence that the decrease in Wnt/β-catenin signaling is an important antitumor effect of MTAs and the combined use of MTAs with Wnt/β-catenin signaling antagonists could be a promising strategy for cancer chemotherapy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Cancer Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2021 13:44
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2021 13:44
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/1019

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