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Kanitkar , M. and Jaiswal , A. and Deshpande , R. and Bellare , J. and Kale , V.P. (2013) Enhanced Growth of Endothelial Precursor Cells on PCGMatrix Facilitates Accelerated, Fibrosis-Free, Wound Healing: A Diabetic Mouse Model. PLoS One, 8 (7). e69960-e69960.

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Diabetes mellitus (DM)-induced endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) dysfunction causes impaired wound healing, which can be rescued by delivery of large numbers of ‘normal’ EPCs onto such wounds. The principal challenges herein are (a) the high number of EPCs required and (b) their sustained delivery onto the wounds. Most of the currently available scaffolds either serve as passive devices for cellular delivery or allow adherence and proliferation, but not both. This clearly indicates that matrices possessing both attributes are ‘the need of the day’ for efficient healing of diabetic wounds. Therefore, we developed a system that not only allows selective enrichment and expansion of EPCs, but also efficiently delivers them onto the wounds. Murine bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (MNCs) were seeded onto a PolyCaprolactone-Gelatin (PCG) nano-fiber matrix that offers a combined advantage of strength, biocompatibility wettability; and cultured them in EGM2 to allow EPC growth. The efficacy of the PCG matrix in supporting the EPC growth and delivery was assessed by various in vitro parameters. Its efficacy in diabetic wound healing was assessed by a topical application of the PCG-EPCs onto diabetic wounds. The PCG matrix promoted a high-level attachment of EPCs and enhanced their growth, colony formation, and proliferation without compromising their viability as compared to Poly L-lactic acid (PLLA) and Vitronectin (VN), the matrix and non-matrix controls respectively. The PCG-matrix also allowed a sustained chemotactic migration of EPCs in vitro. The matrix-effected sustained delivery of EPCs onto the diabetic wounds resulted in an enhanced fibrosis-free wound healing as compared to the controls. Our data, thus, highlight the novel therapeutic potential of PCG-EPCs as a combined ‘growth and delivery system’ to achieve an accelerated fibrosis-free healing of dermal lesions, including diabetic wounds.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is Open Access Journal
Subjects: Diabetes
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2015 09:16
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2015 06:00
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/102

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