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Mukherjee, A. and Roy , S. and Patidar, A. and Bodhale, N. and Dandapat, J. and Saha , B. and Sarkar , A. (2021) TLR2dimer-specific ligands selectively activate protein kinase C isoforms inLeishmania infection. Immunology, 164 (2). pp. 318-331. ISSN 2021 Oct;164(2):318-331.

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Of the thirteen Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in mice, TLR2 has a unique ability of forming heterodimers with TLR1 and TLR6. Such associations lead to selective cellular signalling and cellular responses such as cytokine expression. One of the signalling intermediates is protein kinase C (PKC); of which, eight isoforms are expressed in macrophages. Leishmania-a protozoan parasite that resides and replicates in macrophages-selectively modulates PKC-α, PKC-β, PKC-δ and PKC-ζ isoforms in macrophages. As TLR2 plays significant roles in Leishmania infection, we examined whether these PKC isoforms play selective roles in TLR2 signalling and TLR2-induced anti-leishmanial functions. We observed that the TLR2 ligands-Pam3 CSK4 (TLR1/2), PGN (TLR2/2) and FSL (TLR2/6)-differentially phosphorylated and translocated PKC-α, PKC-β, PKC-δ and PKC-ζ isoforms to cell membrane in uninfected and L. major-infected macrophages. The PKC isoform-specific inhibitors differentially altered IL-10 and IL-12 expression, Th1 and Th2 responses and anti-leishmanial effects in macrophages and in BALB/c mice. While PKC isoforms' inhibitors had insignificant effects on the Pam3CSK4-induced anti-leishmanial functions, PGN-induced pro-leishmanial effects were enhanced by PKC-(α + β) inhibitors, whereas PKC-(δ + ζ) inhibitors enhanced the anti-leishmanial effects of FSL. These results indicated that the ligand-induced TLR2 dimerization triggered differential dose-dependent and kinetic profiles of PKC isoform activation and that selective targeting of PKC isoforms using their respective inhibitors in combination significantly modulated TLR2-induced anti-leishmanial functions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of TLR2 dimer signalling through PKC isoforms and TLR2-induced PKC isoform-targeted anti-leishmanial therapy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Infection and Immunity
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2021 07:37
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2021 07:37
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/1037

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