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Lodha , T and Narvekar, S and Karodi , P (2021) Classification of uncultivated anammox bacteria and Candidatus Uabimicrobium into a new classes and provisional nomenclature as Candidatus Brocadiia classis nov. and Candidatus Uabimicrobiia classis nov. of the phylum Planctomycetes and novel family Candidatus Scalinduaceae fam. nov to accommodate the genus Candidatus Scalindua. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 44 (6). p. 126272.

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The phylum Planctomycetes is metabolically unique group of bacteria divided in two classes Planctomycetia and Phycisphaerae. Anaerobic ammonia-oxidizing (anammox) bacteria are the uncultured representatives of the phylum Planctomycetes. Anammox bacterial genera are placed in the family Candidatus (Ca.) Brocadiaceae of the order Ca. Brocadiales, assigned to the class Planctomycetia. Phylogenetic analysis, showed that the anammox bacteria and Ca. Uabimicrobium form a divergent clade from the rest of the cultured representatives of the phylum Planctomycetes. The phylogenetic study, pairwise distance and Average Amino acid Identity (AAI) showed that anammox bacteria don’t belong to the classes Planctomycetia and Phycisphaerae. Anammox bacteria and Ca. Uabimicrobium form a deep-branching third clade in the phylogenetic analysis indicating that it is the most ancient third class within the phylum Planctomycetes. Phenotypic characters also separate anammox bacteria from classes Planctomycetia and Phycisphaerae. Therefore, based on phenotypic, phylogenetic, pairwise distance, AAI and phylogenomic analysis we propose a novel class Ca. Brocadiia to accommodate the order Ca. Brocadiales of anammox bacteria except Ca. Anammoximicrobium. Genera Ca. Jettenia, Ca. Anammoxoglobus, Ca. Kuenenia and Ca. Brocadia show their phylogenetic affiliation to the family Ca. Brocadiaceae. However, Ca. Scalindua showed a distant relationship with the family Ca. Brocadiaceae. Therefore, we suggest the exclusion of the genus Ca. Scalindua from the family Ca. Brocadiaceae; and propose its inclusion under a novel family with a provisional name as Ca. Scalinduaceae fam. nov. Similarly, Ca. Uabimicrobium amporphum showed distinct phylogenetic affiliation, therefore we propose a novel class Ca. Uabimicrobiia classis nov. to accommodate the genus Ca. Uabimicrobium.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Insect Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2022 11:46
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2022 11:46
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/1136

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