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Mol M.; , M. and Patole M.S.; , M.S. and Singh S. , S. and , (2014) Immune signal transduction in leishmaniasis from natural to artificial systems: Role of feedback loop insertion. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-General Subject, 1840. pp. 71-79.

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Background: Modulated immune signal (CD14–TLR and TNF) in leishmaniasis can be linked to EGFR pathway involved in wound healing, through crosstalk points. This signaling network can be further linked to a synthetic gene circuit acting as a positive feedback loop to elicit a synchronized intercellular communication among the immune cells which may contribute to a better understanding of signaling dynamics in leishmaniasis. Methods: Network reconstruction with positive feedback loop, simulation (ODE 15s solver) and sensitivity analysis of CD14–TLR, TNF and EGFRwas done in SimBiology (MATLAB 7.11.1). Cytoscape and adjacencymatrixwere used to calculate network topology. PCA was extracted by using sensitivity coefficient inMATLAB. Model reduction was done using time, flux and sensitivity score. Results: Network has five crosstalk points: NIK, IκB–NFκB and MKK (4/7, 3/6, 1/2)which showhigh flux and sensitivity. PI3K in EGFR pathway shows high flux and sensitivity. PCA scorewas high for cytoplasmic ERK1/2, PI3K, Atk, STAT1/3 and nuclear JNK. Of the 125 parameters, 20% are crucial as deduced by model reduction. Conclusions: EGFR can be linked to CD14–TLR and TNF through the MAPK crosstalk points. These pathways may be controlled through Ras and Raf that lie upstream of signaling components ERK ½ (c) and JNK (n) that have a high PCA score via a synthetic gene circuit for activating cell–cell communication to elicit an inflammatory response. Also a disease resolving effect may be achieved through PI3K in the EGFR pathway. General significance: The reconstructed signaling network can be linked to a gene circuitwith a positive feedback loop, for cell–cell communication resulting in synchronized response in the immune cell population, for disease resolving effect in leishmaniasis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Infection and Immunity
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2015 06:00
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2015 08:30
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/115

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