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Vijh, D and Imam, MA and Haque, MMU and Das, S and Islam, A and Malik, MZ (2023) Network pharmacology and bioinformatics approach reveals the therapeutic mechanism of action of curcumin in Alzheimer disease. Metabolic Brain Disease.

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Curcumin is a natural anti-inflammatory and antioxidant substance which plays a major role in reducing the amyloid plaques formation, which is the major cause of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Consequently, a methodical approach was used to select the potential protein targets of curcumin in AD through network pharmacology. In this study, through integrative methods, AD targets of curcumin through SwissTargetPrediction database, STITCH database, BindingDB, PharmMapper, Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database were predicted followed by gene enrichment analysis, network construction, network topology, and docking studies. Gene ontology analysis facilitated identification of a list of possible AD targets of curcumin (74 targets genes). The correlation of the obtained targets with AD was analysed by using gene ontology (GO) pathway enrichment analyses and Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). We have incorporated the applied network pharmacological approach to identify key genes. Furthermore, we have performed molecular docking for analysing the mechanism of curcumin. In order to validate the temporospatial expression of key genes in human central nervous system (CNS), we searched the Human Brain Transcriptome (HBT) dataset. We identified top five key genes namely, PPARγ, MAPK1, STAT3, KDR and APP. Further validated the expression profiling of these key genes in publicly available brain data expression profile databases. In context to a valuable addition in the treatment of AD, this study is concluded with novel insights into the therapeutic mechanisms of curcumin, will ease the treatment of AD with the clinical application of curcumin.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 1. Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi, India. 2.Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, 110025, India. 3. National Centre for Cell Science, Pune, Maharashtra, India, 4. Dasman Diabetes Institute, , Dasman, Kuwait
Subjects: Infection and Immunity
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2023 07:49
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2023 10:49
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/1242

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