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Arkat , S and Poovitha, S and Vijayakumar, A and Dhat, R and Sitasawad, SL and Dhat, R and Sitasawad, S and Mahapatra, NR (2023) Regulation of peroxiredoxin-3 gene expression under basal and hyperglycemic conditions: Key roles for transcription factors Sp1, CREB and NF-κB. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease . 2023 Mar 16:166691. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease (166691). p. 166691.

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Peroxiredoxin-3 (Prx-3), a thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase located exclusively in the mitochondrial matrix, catalyses peroxides/peroxinitrites. Altered levels of Prx-3 is associated with diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, molecular mechanisms of Prx-3 gene regulation remain partially understood. We undertook a systemic analysis of the Prx-3 gene to identify the key motifs and transcriptional regulatory molecules. Transfection of promoter-reporter constructs in the cultured cells identified −191/+20 bp domain as the core promoter region. Stringent in silico analysis of this core promoter revealed putative binding sites for specificity protein 1 (Sp1), cAMP response element–binding protein (CREB) and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB). Interestingly, while co-transfection of the −191/+20 bp construct with Sp1/CREB plasmid diminished Prx3 promoter-reporter activity, mRNA and protein levels, co-transfection with NF-κB expression plasmid augmented the same. Consistently, inhibition of Sp1/CREB/NF-κB expression reversed the promoter-reporter activity, mRNA and protein levels of Prx-3, thereby confirming their regulatory effects. ChIP assays provided evidence for interactions of Sp1/CREB/NF-κB with the Prx-3 promoter. H9c2 cells treated with high glucose as well as streptozotocin (STZ)-treated diabetic rats showed time-dependent reduction in promoter activity, endogenous transcript and protein levels of Prx-3. Augmentation of Sp1/CREB protein levels and their strong binding with Prx-3 promoter are responsible for diminished Prx-3 levels under hyperglycemia. The activation/increase in the NF-κB expression under hyperglycemia was not sufficient to restore the reduction of endogenous Prx-3 levels owing to its weak binding affinity. Taken together, this study elucidates the previously unknown roles of Sp1/CREB/NF-κB in regulating Prx-3 gene expression under hyperglycemic condition.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 1. Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India 2.National Centre for Cell Science, Maharashtra, India
Subjects: Cell Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2023 09:51
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2023 09:51
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/1251

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