[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Mallu, ACT and Sivagurunathan, S and Paul , D and Aggarwal, H and Nathan, AA and Manikandan, A and Ravi , MM and Boppana, R and Jagavelu, K and Santra, MK and Dixit , M (2023) Feeding enhances fibronectinadherence of quiescent lymphocytes through non-canonical insulin signalling. Immunology.

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


Nutritional availability during fasting and refeeding affects the temporal redistribution of lymphoid and myeloid immune cells among the circulating and tissue-resident pools. Conversely, nutritional imbalance and impaired glucose metabolism are associated with chronic inflammation, aberrant immunity and anomalous leukocyte trafficking. Despite being exposed to periodic alterations in blood insulin levels upon fasting and feeding, studies exploring the physiological effects of these hormonal changes on quiescent immune cell function and trafficking are scanty. Here, we report that oral glucose load in mice and healthy men enhances the adherence of circulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and lymphocytes to fibronectin. Adherence to fibronectin is also observed upon regular intake of breakfast following overnight fasting in healthy subjects. This glucose load-induced phenomenon is abrogated in streptozotocin-injected mice that lack insulin. Intra-vital microscopy in mice demonstrated that oral glucose feeding enhances the homing of PBMCs to injured blood vessels in vivo. Furthermore, employing flow cytometry, Western blotting and adhesion assays for PBMCs and Jurkat-T cells, we elucidate that insulin enhances fibronectin adherence of quiescent lymphocytes through non-canonical signalling involving insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) autophosphorylation, phospholipase C gamma-1 (PLCγ-1) Tyr783 phosphorylation and inside-out activation of β-integrins respectively. Our findings uncover the physiological relevance of post-prandial insulin spikes in regulating the adherence and trafficking of circulating quiescent T-cells through fibronectin–integrin interaction.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Infection and Immunity
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 26 May 2023 08:51
Last Modified: 26 May 2023 08:51
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/1264

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item