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Syamprasad, NP and Jain, S and Rajdev, B and Panda, SR and Gangasani, JK and Challa, VS and Vaidya, JR and Kundu, GC and Naidu, VGM (2023) AKR1B1 inhibition using NARI-29-an Epalrestat analogue- alleviates Doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity via modulating Calcium/CaMKII/MuRF-1 axis. Chemico-Biological Interactions (381).

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he clinical use of doxorubicin (Dox) is narrowed due to its carbonyl reduction to doxorubicinol (Doxol) implicating resistance and cardiotoxicity. Hence, in the present study we have evaluated the cardioprotective effect of AKR1B1 (or aldose reductase, AR) inhibitor NARI-29 (epalrestat (EPS) analogue) and its effect in the Dox-modulated calcium/CaMKII/MuRF1 axis. Initially, the breast cancer patient survival associated with AKR1B1 expression was calculated using Kaplan Meier-plotter (KM-plotter). Further, breast cancer, cardiomyoblast (H9c2), and macrophage (RAW 264.7) cell lines were used to establish the in vitro combination effect of NARI-29 and Dox. To develop the cardiotoxicity model, mice were given Dox 2.5 mg/kg (i.p.), biweekly. The effect of AKR1B1 inhibition using NARI-29 on molecular and cardiac functional changes was measured using echocardiography, fluorescence-imaging, ELISA, immunoblotting, flowcytometry, High-Performance Liquid Chromatography with Fluorescence Detection (HPLC-FD) and cytokine-bead array methods. The bioinformatics data suggested that a high expression of AKR1B1 is associated with significantly low survival of breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy; hence, it could be a target for chemo-sensitization and chemo-prevention. Further, in vitro studies showed that AKR1B1 inhibition with NARI-29 has increased the accumulation and sensitized Dox to breast cancer cell lines. However, treatment with NARI-29 has alleviated the Dox-induced toxicity to cardiomyocytes and decreased the secretion of inflammatory cytokines from RAW 264.7 cells. In vivo studies revealed that the NARI-29 (25 and 50 mg/kg) has prevented the functional, histological, biochemical, and molecular alterations induced by Dox treatment. Moreover, we have shown that NARI-29 has prevented the carbonyl reduction of Dox to Doxol in the mouse heart, which reduced the calcium overload, prevented phosphorylation of CaMKII, and reduced the expression of MuRF1 to protect from cardiac injury and apoptosis. Hence in conclusion, AKR1B1 inhibitor NARI-29 could be used as an adjuvant therapeutic agent with Dox to prevent cardiotoxicity and synergize anti-breast cancer activity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Cancer Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2023 07:39
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2023 07:39
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/1304

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