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Jindal , S and Bansal , R and Singh , B.P and Pandey , R and Shankar Narayanan, T.S. and Wani , M.R. and Singh, V.J (2012) Enhanced osteoblast proliferation and corrosion resistance of c p-Ti through surface nanostructuring by ultrasonic shot peening and stress relieving. Journal of Oral Impantology. pp. 1-20.

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This investigation was carried out to study the effect of a novel process of surface modification, surface nano structuring by ultrasonic shot peening, on osteoblast proliferation and corrosion behavior of commercially pure titanium (c p-Ti), in simulated body fluid (SBF). A mechanically polished disc of c p-Ti was subjected to ultrasonic shot peening with stainless steel balls, to create nanostructure at the surface. A nano structure (< 20 nm), with inhomogeneous distribution, was revealed by atomic force and scanning electron microscopy. There was an increase of ~10% in cell proliferation, but there was drastic fall in corrosion resistance. Corrosion rate was increased by 327%, in the shot peened condition. In order to examine the role of residual stresses, associated with the shot peened surface, on these aspects, a part of the shot peened specimen was annealed at 400°C for 1hr. A marked influence of annealing treatment was observed, on surface structure, cell proliferation, and corrosion resistance. Surface nanostructure was much prominent, with increased number density and sharper grain boundaries; cell proliferation was enhanced to ~50%, and corrosion rate was reduced by 86.2% and 41%, as compared with that of the shot peened and the as received conditions, respectively. The highly significant improvement in cell proliferation, resulting from annealing of the shot peened specimen, was attributed to increased volume fraction of stabilized nanostructure, stress recovery, and crystallization of the oxide film. Increase in corrosion resistance, from annealing of shot peened material, was related to more effective passivation. Thus, the surface of c p-Ti, modified by this novel process, possessed unique quality of enhancing cell proliferation as well as the corrosion resistance. It could be highly effective in reducing treatment time of patients adopting dental and orthopedic implants of titanium and its alloys.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Cell Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2015 11:12
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2015 04:58
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/17

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