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Umbarkar, P. and Singh , S. and Arkat, S. and Bodhankar, S.L. and Lohidasan , S. and Sitasawad , S.L. (2015) Monoamine oxidase-A is an important source of oxidative stress and promotes cardiac dysfunction, apoptosis, and fibrosis in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Free Radical Biol. Med., 87. pp. 263-273.

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Oxidative stress is closely associated with the pathophysiology of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). The mitochondrial flavoenzyme monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) is an important source of oxidative stress in the myocardium. We sought to determine whether MAO-A plays a major role in modulating DCM. Diabetes was induced in Wistar rats by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). To investigate the role of MAO-A in the development of pathophysiological features of DCM, hyperglycemic and age-matched control rats were treated with or without the MAO-A-specific inhibitor clorgyline (CLG) at 1 mg/kg/day for 8 weeks. Diabetes upregulated MAO-A activity; elevated markers of oxidative stress such as cardiac lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase activity, and UCP3 protein expression; enhanced apoptotic cell death; and increased fibrosis. All these parameters were significantly attenuated by CLG treatment. In addition, treatment with CLG substantially prevented diabetes-induced cardiac contractile dysfunction as evidenced by decreased QRS, QT, and corrected QT intervals, measured by ECG, and LV systolic and LV end-diastolic pressure measured by microtip pressure transducer. These beneficial effects of CLG were seen despite the persistent hyperglycemic and hyperlipidemic environments in STZ-induced experimental diabetes. In summary, this study provides strong evidence that MAO-A is an important source of oxidative stress in the heart and that MAO-A-derived reactive oxygen species contribute to DCM.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is Open Access Article for full text click on the web link
Subjects: Diabetes
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2015 09:21
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2021 14:10
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/212

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