[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Sawant , M.A. and Dasgupta , A. and Lavhale , M.S. and Sitasawad , S.L. (2016) Novel triterpenoid AECHL-1 induces apoptosis in breast cancer cells by perturbing the mitochondria-endoplasmic reticulum interactions and targeting diverse apoptotic pathways. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects, 1860 (6). pp. 1056-1070.

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


BACKGROUND: The modus operandi for an anti-cancer drug must allow for an efficient discrimination system between tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic cells. Targeting ER stress and mitochondrial function in cancer cells appears to be a suitable option, as these processes are dysregulated in tumor cells. AECHL-1, a novel triterpenoid, exhibits potent anticancer activity against an array of cancer cell lines however, its mechanism of action remains elusive. METHODS: Molecular targets of AECHL-1 were investigated using breast adenocarcinoma cells MCF-7, MDA-MB-231 and mammary epithelial cell line MCF 10A in vitro and xenograft tumors in SCID mice in vivo. Western blotting, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemical studies were employed to delineate the molecular pathways. RESULTS: AECHL-1 caused a transient elevation of ER stress proteins along with a prolonged phosphorylation of eIF2α in breast cancer cells. This was accompanied by a simultaneous release of calcium from ER stores and subsequent mitochondrial accumulation. These effects could be reversed by using ER stress inhibitors. AECHL-1 brings about mitochondria mediated, caspase independent cell death via AIF in MCF-7 cells; MDA-MB-231 succumbed to caspase dependent extrinsic pathway. Xenograft studies closely echoed our in vitro results. AECHL-1 did not alter cellular and molecular parameters in MCF 10A. CONCLUSION: These findings reveal that, AECHL-1 targets the Achilles Heel of cancer cell, namely dysfunctional ER and mitochondria while being non toxic to normal parenchyma and can thus be further explored as a potential chemotherapeutic intervention. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Aggravation of ER stress by AECHL-1 uncovers a novel pathway for selective elimination of cancer cells

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is Open Access article for full text click above web link
Subjects: Cancer Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2016 04:13
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2016 04:13
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/231

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item