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Bajaj, M.S. and Kulkarni , R.S. and Ghode , S.S. and Limaye, L.S. and Kale , V.P. and , (2016) Irradiation-induced secretion of BMP4 by marrow cells causes marrow adipogenesis post-myelosuppression. Stem Cell Res. 2016 Nov;17(3):646-653., 17 (3). pp. 646-653.

7.Dr. Limaye L. (Stem Cell Res.) open access.pdf

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Pre-transplant myeloablation is associated with marrow adipogenesis, resulting in delayed engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). This is strongly undesirable, especially when the donor HSCs are fewer in numbers or have compromised functionality. The molecular mechanisms behind irradiation-induced marrow adipogenesis have not been extensively investigated. Here we show that bone marrow (BM) cells, especially T-cells and stromal cells, express and secrete copious amounts of BMP4 in response to irradiation, which causes the bone marrow stromal cells to commit to adipocyte lineage, thereby contributing to an increase in bone marrow adipogenesis. We further demonstrate that Simvastatin inhibits the BMP4-mediated adipogenic commitment of marrow stromal cells by inhibiting Ppar-γ expression. Importantly, Simvastatin does not prevent BMP4 secretion by the BM cells, and thus does not interfere with its salutary role in post-transplant hematopoietic regeneration. Our data identify previously unknown mechanisms operative in marrow adipogenesis post-myeloablation. They also reveal the molecular mechanisms behind the advantage of using Simvastatin as a niche-targeting agent to improve HSC engraftment.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is Open Access Article
Subjects: Stem Cell Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2016 06:56
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2021 11:13
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/389

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