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Manne, R.K. and Agrawal , Y. and Bargale, A. and Patel , A. and Paul, D. and Gupta , N.A. and Rapole , S. and Seshadri, V. and Subramanyam , D. and Shetty , P. and Santra , M.K. (2017) A MicroRNA/Ubiquitin Ligase Feedback Loop Regulates Slug-Mediated Invasion in Breast Cancer. Neoplasia, 19 (6). pp. 451-518. ISSN Volume 19, Issue 6, p451-518

45.Dr. Manas S. (Neoplasia) open access.pdf

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The transformation of a normal cell to cancer requires the derail of multiple pathways. Normal signaling in a cell is regulated at multiple stages by the presence of feedback loops, calibration of levels of proteins by their regulated turnover, and posttranscriptional regulation, to name a few. The tumor suppressor protein FBXO31 is a component of the SCF E3 ubiquitin ligase and is required to arrest cells at G1 following genotoxic stresses. Due to its growth-suppression activity, it is underexpressed in many cancers. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the translational regulation of FBXO31 remains unclear. Here we show that the oncogenic microRNAs miR-93 and miR-106a repress FBXO31, resulting in the upregulation of Slug, which is involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cell invasion. FBXO31 targets and ubiquitylates Slug for proteasomal degradation. However, this mechanism is repressed in breast tumors where miR-93 and miR-106a are overexpressed. Our study further unravels an interesting mechanism whereby Slug drives the expression of miR-93 and miR-106a, thus establishing a positive feedback loop to maintain an invasive phenotype. Together, these results establish the presence of interplay between microRNAs and the ubiquitination machinery, which together regulate cancer cell invasion.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Cancer Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2018 05:49
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2021 06:22
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/550

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