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Patel, S. and Choksi, A. and Pant, R. and Alam, A. and Chattopadhyay, S. (2017) Nutritional Programming of Metabolic Syndrome: Role of Nutrients in Shaping the Epigenetics. In: Handbook of Nutrition, Diet, and Epigenetics. Springer, pp. 1-25.

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Increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome like obesity, heart diseases, and diabetes is an emerging public health problem. Susceptibility to such diseases has always been attributed to environmental and genetic factors which certainly play a pivotal role but cannot be the sole causal factor leading to metabolic syndrome. Epigenetics – a mediator between genetics and environment – is emerging as a potential candidate to explain the increase in the prevalence of such metabolic diseases. Changes in the epigenetic landscape marked by DNA methylation, histone methylation, and acetylation can lead to obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, and vascular dysfunction in both animals and humans. Nutritional programming during early stages of life can manipulate the metabolism and the physiology of the organism. This is where the importance of optimal maternal nutrition comes into play. Both maternal under- and overnutrition have the potential to adversely affect the etiology of metabolic disorders in the developing fetus by changing the epigenetic marks. Various macronutrients and micronutrients in the maternal diet have also been shown to be exhibiting specific effect on the future health of the offspring. Though the role of epigenetics in fetal programming of metabolic syndrome is constantly being well understood, research on the therapeutic aspect is still in its infancy. Interventions and manipulation of dietary supplementation which potentially can make changes in the epigenetic marks can be the future therapeutic targets for chronic metabolic syndrome.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Cell Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2018 05:31
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2018 05:31
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/578

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