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Chauhan, P. and Saha, B. (2018) Metabolic regulation of infection and inflammation. Cytokine., 112. pp. 1-11.

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Immunometabolic framework provides a way to understand the immune regulation via cell intrinsic metabolic fluxes and metabolites during infections, tumors, and inflammatory disorders. During these diseases, the immune cells are activated requiring more energy and moderating their metabolic functions. The two categories of metabolic alterations are therefore causally associated with energy derivation and cellular functions. Pathogens, tumors and inflammation target energy metabolism, primarily glucose uptake, glucose catabolism, gluconeogenesis for continuing lipid metabolism through mainstream pathways such as glycolysis, tricarboxylic acid cycle, mitochondrial respiration and pentose phosphate pathway. Many biosynthetic pathways such as those of cholesterol, ceramide, sphingolipids, and fatty acids are altered explaining the metabolic interface in molecular pathogenesis in various infectious and non-infectious inflammatory diseases. The emerging immune-metabolic framework also identifies the key regulatory elements such as metabolites, signalling intermediates and transcription factors. These regulatory elements play key roles in deciding the fate of an infection, tumor or autoimmune diseases. The original research articles and the review articles in this Special issue of Cytokine on “Infection, Inflammation and Immunometabolomes” highlight these aspects of metabolic reprogramming and the role of some ‘metabolomic regulators’ in controlling the outcome of infectious and non-infectious diseases. In this Editorial, we introduce the readers to these articles discussing the elements in immune-metabolic framework.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2020 04:50
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2020 04:50
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/600

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