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Gavali, S. and Gupta, M.K. and Daswani, B. and Wani, M.R. and Sirdeshmukh, R. and Khatkhatay, M.I. (2019) Estrogen enhances human osteoblast survival and function via promotion of autophagy. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Molecular Cell Research, 1866 (9). pp. 1498-1507.

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Estrogen increases bone formation by promoting mineralization and prolonging the lifespan of osteoblasts. To understand the underlying molecular mechanism/s, we identified estrogen-regulated proteins at different stages of human osteoblast differentiation using differential proteomics approach. Among the identified proteins, we observed that estrogen upregulated RAB3GAP1 on day 1 and 5 of differentiation. RAB3GAP1 is critically involved in the process of autophagy, a eukaryotic degradative pathway essential for cell survival. We, therefore, investigated the effect of estrogen on autophagy in differentiating human osteoblasts and their precursors, the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). MSCs exhibited high autophagic flux which declined during osteoblast differentiation, resulting in high basal apoptosis in osteoblasts. Estrogen reduced apoptosis in differentiating osteoblasts by promoting autophagy, thus contributing towards their longer lifespan. Further, MSCs were resistant against starvation-induced apoptosis, whereas, differentiating osteoblasts showed significant susceptibility towards it. Estrogen, in addition to promoting mineralization, protected differentiating osteoblasts from starvation-induced apoptosis by increasing autophagic flux. Autophagic flux in RAB3GAP1 knockdown osteoblasts appeared diminished, and showed increased apoptosis even in nutrient-rich conditions, and exhibited significantly impaired mineralization. However, irrespective of the presence of estrogen, starvation further enhanced apoptosis in these cells. Furthermore, estrogen failed to promote mineralization in these osteoblasts. Our study illustrates that autophagy is essential for human osteoblast survival and mineralization, and osteoblasts are susceptible to apoptosis due to reduced autophagy during differentiation. Estrogen, via upregulation of RAB3GAP1, promotes autophagy in osteoblasts during differentiation thereby increasing their survival and mineralization capacity. Our study demonstrates the positive role of autophagy in bone homeostasis

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2020 05:11
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2020 05:11
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/729

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