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Pathak, M. and Padghan, P. and Halder, N. and Shilpi, and Kulkarni, N. and Sonar, S.A. and Lal, G. (2019) CCR signaling in dendritic cells drives the differentiation of Foxp3(+) Tregs andsuppresses the allergic IgE response in the gut. European Journal of Immunology.

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The chemokine receptor CCR9 and its only known ligand CCL25 play an important role in gut inflammation and autoimmune colitis. The function of CCR9‐CCL25 in the migration of immune cells is well characterized. However, its role in the immune cell differentiation is mostly not known. Using dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)‐induced gut inflammation model, we showed that CCR9+ dendritic cells (DCs) specifically CD11b−CD103+ DCs were significantly increased in the gut‐associated lymphoid tissues (GALT) compared to control mice. These CCR9+ DCs express lower MHC II and CD86 molecules and had regulatory surface markers (FasL and latency‐associated peptide, LAP) in the GALT. In the presence of CCL25, CCR9+ DCs promoted in vitro differentiation of Foxp3+ regulatory CD4+ T cells (Tregs). CCL25‐induced differentiation of Tregs was due to intrinsic signaling in the DCs but not through CD4+ T cells, which was driven by the production of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and not IL‐10. Furthermore, adoptive transfer of CCR9+ DCs in C57BL/6 mice promoted Tregs but reduced the Th17 cells in the GALT, and also suppressed the OVA‐specific gut‐allergic response. Our results suggest CCR9+ DCs have a regulatory function and may provide a new cellular therapeutic strategy to control gut inflammation and allergic immune reaction.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2020 04:27
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2020 04:27
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/772

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