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Dey , S and Mukherjee, D and Sultana, SS and Mallick, S and Dutta , A and Ghosh, J and Hussain, A and Sarkar, B and Mandal, S and Patra, P and Saha , B and Pal, C (2020) Combination of Mycobacteriumindicus pranii and Heat-Induced Promastigotes Cures Drug-Resistant Leishmania Infection: Critical Role of Interleukin-6-Producing Classical Dendritic Cells. Infection and Immunity. 2020 May 20;88(6):e00222-19. , 88 (6). e00222-19. .

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The major issues in available therapeutic modalities against leishmaniasis are cost, toxicity, and the emergence of drug resistance. The aim of this work was to develop a successful therapeutic adjuvant against drug-resistant Leishmania donovani infection by means of combining Mycobacterium indicus pranii with heat-induced promastigotes (HIP). One-month postinfected BALB/c mice were administered subcutaneously with M. indicus pranii (108 cells) and HIP (100 μg) for 5 days. Spleens were harvested for flow cytometric and reverse transcriptase PCR analysis. The antileishmanial effect of the combination strategy was associated with induction of a disease-resolving Th1 and Th17 response with simultaneous downregulation of CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ (nTreg) cells and CD4+ CD25− Foxp3− (Tr1) cells in the spleen. The significant expansion of CD4+ TCM (CD4+ CD44hi CD11ahi CD62Lhi) cells was a further interesting outcome of this therapeutic strategy in the context of long-term protection of hosts against secondary infection. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) was also found instrumental in this antiparasitic therapy. Induced interleukin-6 (IL-6) production from expanded CD11c+ CD8α+ (cDC1) and CD11c+ CD11b+ (cDC2) dendritic cells (DCs) but not from the CD11b+ Ly6c+ inflammatory monocytes (iMOs), was found critical in the protective expansion of Th17 as evidenced by an in vivo IL-6 neutralization assay. It also promoted the hematopoietic conversion toward DC progenitors (pre-DCs) from common dendritic cell progenitors (CDPs), the immediate precursors, in bone marrow. This novel combinational strategy demonstrated that expansion of Th17 by IL-6 released from CD11c+ classical DCs is crucial, together with the conventional Th1 response, to control drug-resistant infection.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Infection and Immunity
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2021 08:36
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2021 08:36
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/871

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