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Gardi , N.L. and Deshpande , T.U. and Kamble , S.C. and Budhe , S.R. and Bapat , S.A. (2013) Discrete Molecular Classes of Ovarian Cancer Suggestive of Unique Mechanisms of Transformation and Metastases. Clinical Cancer Research, 20 (1). pp. 87-99.

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Purpose: Tumor heterogeneity and subsistence of high-grade serous ovarian adenocarcinoma (HGSC) classes can be speculated from clinical incidences suggesting passive tumor dissemination versus active invasion and metastases. Experimental Design: We explored this theme toward tumor classification through two approaches of gene expression pattern clustering: (i) derivation of a core set of metastases-associated genes and (ii) resolution of independent weighted correlation networks. Further identification of appropriate cell and xenograft models was carried out for resolution of class-specific biologic functions. Results: Both clustering approaches achieved resolution of three distinct tumor classes, two of which validated in other datasets. Networks of enriched gene modules defined biologic functions of quiescence, cell division-differentiation-lineage commitment, immune evasion, and cross-talk with niche factors. Although deviant from normal homeostatic mechanisms, these class-specific profiles are not totally random. Preliminary validation of these suggests that Class 1 tumors survive, metastasize in an epithelial– mesenchymal transition (EMT)-independent manner, and are associated with a p53 signature, aberrant differentiation,DNAdamage, and genetic instability. These features supported by association of cell-specific markers, including PAX8, PEG3, and TCF21, led to the speculation of their origin being the fimbrial fallopian tube epithelium. On the other hand, Class 2 tumors activate extracellular matrix–EMT–driven invasion programs (Slug, SPARC, FN1, THBS2 expression), IFN signaling, and immune evasion, which are prospectively suggestive of ovarian surface epithelium associated wound healing mechanisms. Further validation of these etiologies could define a new therapeutic framework for disease management

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This Article is Online Free Available go through above website
Subjects: Cancer Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2015 07:14
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2015 10:08
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/91

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