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Kulkarni , SO and Yogesh, S and Shouche, YS (2021) Chapter 20: Mangrove Ecosystem and Microbiome. In: Microbiome-Host Interactions. CRC Press, pp. 1-19. ISBN 9780367479909

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The mangrove ecosystem is one of the most diverse and productive coastal ecosystems in the tropical and subtropical regions. It constitutes nearly 60%–70% of the world’s tropical and subtropical coastlines. Mangroves are commonly situated at the intertidal zones and play an important role in the coastal ecology. This ecosystem is essential for the maintenance of sea level and for the protection of the coast as it forms a barrier against waves and tides with its long spreading root systems. Mangrove ecosystems harbor a diverse group of microorganisms that play an important role in the biogeochemical cycle of the ecosystem. The mangrove ecosystem is rich in organic matter, and thus, it consists of various groups of bacteria and fungi such as nitrogen fixers, phosphate solubilizers, cellulose decomposers, nitrifiers, denitrifiers, sulfate oxidizers, etc. Halophilic bacteria are believed to be predominant in the mangrove ecosystem as mangroves are one of the moderately saline habitats. These microbes participate in various steps of mineralization and decomposition of leaf litter and thus contribute to the productivity of this ecosystem. These microorganisms also serve as a source of biotechnologically valuable biomolecules. This chapter will provide detailed information about the microbiome of the mangrove ecosystem and the function of each group of microorganisms present in it. The study of microbial diversity and its distribution in a mangrove ecosystem would improve our understanding of microbial functionality and its interactions found in the ecosystem. This chapter will shed light on the culture-dependent as well as culture-independent studies of the mangrove ecosystem from various parts of the world.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Insect Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2022 10:08
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2022 10:08
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/1157

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