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Rahi, P. (2017) Phytomicrobiome: A reservoir for sustainable agriculture. In: Mining of Microbial Wealth and MetaGenomics pp 117-132. Springer, pp. 117-132.

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Global demands for agricultural produce will increase up to 70% by the next two decades. To meet this goal, the productivity of crops needs to be increased under harsher climate conditions and with declining soil and water quality. In addition to this, widespread emergence of new pathogens and pests is posing a serious threat to agricultural produce. Plant-microbe interactions may have a beneficial, neutral, or negative effect on one or both partners. The whole world needs to address climate change scenario, by enabling agriculture to adopt climate-friendly practices. Plants host a rich microbiota, which supports plants in nutrition uptake and health management. Phytomicrobiome represents a great reservoir, which can be harnessed to improve the productivity of crops and food quality. A systematic research focused on the understanding of structure and function of phytomicrobiome driven by crop management and environmental factors is critical for devising reliable strategies to improve crop health and productivity in a sustainable way, by reducing chemical inputs and emissions of greenhouse gases. Microbial diversity associated with plants is highly underestimated, as the data generated by next-generation sequencing technologies have exhibited that only a small portion of microorganisms could be cultivated until now. Recently, the high-throughput microbial cultivation approach “culturomics” in conjunction with high-speed and low-cost identification technique based on MALDI-TOF MS has offered an opportunity to cultivate the not-yet-cultivated microorganisms and harness them to manipulate the crop phytomicrobiome. In this chapter, we discussed various aspects of phytomicrobiome, like beneficial and harmful effects of its members and colonization in rhizosphere and phyllosphere.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Insect Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Mr. Rameshwar Nema
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2018 09:06
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2018 09:06
URI: http://nccs.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/589

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